10 New Archaeological Discoveries From The World
After a year of interesting and important archaeological discoveries, Archaeophile editors chose archaeological discoveries in 2017, which are the world’s largest and most scientifically and historically significant reserves and influences.
Among the discoveries of this year are the widespread finds from ancient Egypt to the mysterious Canaanites, from the Göbeklitepe to the newly discovered manuscript of Hippocrates and Homo florensiensis, also known as hobbits.
We end this year with these incredible discoveries and we are eagerly awaiting the discoveries of 2018.
1- God and Ali Written Fabrics in the Viking Mausoleum
In Viking graves dating from the 9th century in Sweden there were garments and fabrics with ‘Allah’ and ‘Ali’ written on them.
It has been proved that geometric figures, which were previously thought to be typical Viking era patterns on silver, are Kufic characters. Investigators of the Uppsala University, who conducted the research, revealed that both ali and Ali wrote in strip patterns. According to the research, the Vikings may have been influenced by the belief in eternal life in heaven after Islamic religion and death. The eastern objects in the Viking era graves are thought to be not just a source of looting and eastern trade, because the inscriptions are seen in the typical Viking era clothes that house Valkyries images.
2- Found the Egyptian Pyramids of Papyrus How it’s written
A papyrus written by an ancient Egyptian ruler revealed important information about how the pyramids were built.
Archaeologists believe that the ancient Egyptians finally unraveled the mystery of how Gize built the Great Pyramid. The ancient papyrus written by a ruler named Merer was the first record of how the pyramids were built. Merer wrote on the papyrus that thousands of laborers were bound together with ropes from the Nile River, carrying 170,000 tons of limestone into wooden trunks. An estimated 2.3 million blocks were dragged into an inner lima just a few meters away from the base of the pyramid, through a specially constructed canal system.
3-Antique DNA Shows Mysterious Canaan People Do not Disappear
The ancient Canaanite DNA was sequenced for the first time, and it turned out that the word continued in present-day Lebanon. As a result, today’s Lebanese people share 90% of their DNA with the Bronze Age Kenan people.
At the time when the Pharaohs ruled Egypt and built the first cities of the Ancient Greeks, a group of mysterious people called the Canaanites excelled in the Near East. About 4,000 years ago, it established cities in the Levant region, including Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and part of Syria. The people of Canaan worshiped the goddess Astarte and his wife Baal. In their culture, there was a sense of equality for women. But the Canaanites did not leave any written documents, and information about their history could only be obtained from second-hand sources.
4- 1500 Year Old Manuscript Containing Hippocrates Research
During the restoration work at the Aziza Catherine Monastery in Egypt, there was a 1500-year manuscript containing the research of the famous Greek physician Hippocrat.
Located on the southern tip of Sinai peninsula, at the foot of Mount Sinai, the Monastery of Azize Catherine is one of the oldest Christian monasteries in the world. During the last restoration work in this magnificent building, a 1,500-year-old manuscript containing a medical prescription derived from a research of the famous Greek physician Hippocrat was unearthed. This manuscript, dated to the 5th and 6th centuries AD, seems to be related to a part of the medical texts contained in the work, a study of the famous Greek physician Hippocrat.
5- Evidence of Culturing the Skull in Göbeklitepe
In Göbeklitepe’s human bones there were intentionally made marks that could be associated with the Neolithic period skull cult.
Examination of the three adult skull pieces found in Göbeklitepe revealed that they were first skinned and purified from their flesh, and then caved in the bones with flintstone. The data also show that it is not so easy to cleanse the skulls of their flesh because there are a lot of scratches on the bones where the muscles connect to the bones. These three skull fragments found in Göbeklitepe are the oldest carved skulls known in the world. Traces of gutters and holes left in their skulls for a certain purpose are much simpler than those made with elaborate human and animal burials in the obelisks. For this reason, the researchers think that the traces of the skulls are made not to be exhibited but to help the rope hanging.
6- The oldest Homo Sapiens known in Morocco were found
In Morocco, we found the oldest known bones of 300,000 years belonging to our present Homo sapiens. The earliest remains of Homo sapiens were 200,000 years old.
The new fossil finds in Morocco do more than draw back the roots of our time 100,000 years. Also, the earliest Homo sapiens known 300,000 years ago shows what our ancestors eat: plenty of gazelles. Because archaeologists thought that the human race had emerged 200,000 years ago, it was thought that the old tools in Morocco were made by previous species from modern humans. But the findings of Jebel Irhoud made it clear that they remained of modern people living at that time. Along with this discovery, many things that we have accepted as true have changed.
7- Solved the Origin Problem of Hobbits
A study of the bones of Homo Floresiensis, a small human species discovered in Indonesia in Flores in 2003, showed that this walk probably evolved from a native in Africa and, as widely believed, did not come from Homo erectus.
The study showed that Homo floresiensis did not have any evidence that Indonesia had lived in the same area as the fossils discovered in Java and that it evolved from Homo erectus, another early hominid. Analyzes show that Homo Floresiensis is probably the sibling of Homo Habilis in the family tree, meaning that these two species share a common ancestor. There is also the possibility that Homo floresiensis evolved in Africa and migrated later. Or the common ancestors might have evolved somewhere in Homo Floresiensis after they had left Africa.
8- The First Time Through DNA Viking Women Warrior Prove
A DNA analysis of a high-ranking Viking warrior believed to be male in Sweden proved that this person was a woman.
In the 1880s, a fascinating tomb was discovered in the village of Birka in Sweden. The weapons, hunting equipments, and the tomb of two horses were thought to be of the 10th century AD and a strong male Viking warrior. But there were some features that pointed out that the skeleton was a woman. A new study, by DNA analysis, made it clear that this mighty warrior was actually a Viking woman. The idea of a female Viking fighter is not really new. Historical records and artistic works dating from the early Middle Ages describe women fighting alongside men. But for the most part, they were ignored because they were not based on reality and were mythological.
9- Antique Egyptian Hieroglyphic Predictors Found
Monumental hieroglyphs dating back to 5,200 years, discovered in Elkab, an ancient Egyptian city, show how Egypt’s famous hieroglyphic writing emerges.
These inscriptions, which have never been noticed and recorded before, have great preliminaries in the history of ancient Egyptian writing systems. The inscriptions contained some earliest symbols in the process of the formation of the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, and this provides important evidence of how the Egyptians constructed this writing system. Many of the rock figurines in Egypt are parallel to the Nile or on the main roads leading to the cobblestone, the researchers say, especially at the intersection of roads and where they can be found during travel.
10- 3500 Year Stamp, Changing History of Ancient Greek Art
A fascinating seal found on a 3,500-year-old warrior grave on the peninsula of Peloponnese in Greece is a sarstory of ancient Greek art history.
The stone used as a seal is described as “masterpiece” by researchers who claim to be one of the best known works of ancient Greek art. The seal, also known as the “Pylos War Agate Stone”, describes a violent battle scene of 3.5 cm in size. The seal that appeared on the grave of the 3,500-year-old Griffin Warrior was found with many other valuables. The fascinating thing about this seal is that the human body and muscle system description is at such a detailed level. This level of detail is not found again until the classical period of Greek art, which emerged after 1000 years. Despite its rather small size, the complex engravings that depict details like weapons and jewelery become clear when viewed with only a powerful camera lens and photomicroscope.