Chemical analyzes on a mummified remains from Ancient Egypt revealed the form of balsam used for mummification.
A corpse that appeared to be mummified between 3500 and 3700 BC shows that the mummification formula was also developed much earlier than anticipated and was used in a wider geographical area.
The results of the research on a famous mummy at the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy, were published in the past.
Archaeologist from York University Stephen Buckley said that the research revealed that the liquid used in the mummification was at the core of the work. Buckley studied all the chemical traces of this fluid with other scientists in the study.
The essence of my balance is:
- A vegetable oil, probably sesame
- A & quot; balsamic species & quot; is a plant or root extract,
- Acacia may be a bit taken from natural sugar, gum
- A resin from a coniferous tree, possibly from a pine tree, with critical prescription.
When all of this is mixed in oil, the anti-bacterial properties in the resin prevent the body from decaying.
Dr. Buckley says that there has never been a candleholder that shows chemically the origin of the mummification process so well known to everyone.
How was the formula found?
Dr. Buckley wanted to know what this formula was after taking pieces from ancient Egyptian textiles that were used to wrap candles a few years ago and chemically examining them.
The fabrics at the Bolton Museum in the north of England belonged to the year 4000 BC and it was thought that the mummification was not yet known or done at that time.
Dr. Buckley, “There was a widespread belief that the mummification occurred at the time the Keops Pyramid was built, in 2600 BC. But our findings show that it started earlier. “
After this bulletin, the research team began studying the candle in Torino. This mummy, which had not undergone any preservation since its introduction, provided an important opportunity to understand ancient Egyptian chemistry as it was not exposed to chemical pollution.
An Egyptian scientist from Australia and an Ancient Egyptian burial specialist Dr. Jana Jones, “The analysis of the candle in Turin made an important contribution to our limited knowledge of prehistoric times. Very important new information about the first mummification practices emerged, “he says.
“As a result of chemical analyzes, visual analysis of candles, genetic analyzes, radiocarbon dating and microscopic analysis of the fabric, we have come to the conclusion that this mumyeo is a male between the ages of 20 and 30, which is mummified around 3600 BC”
A common identity across Egypt
Dr. According to Buckley, the same formula used to mummify the pharaohs almost 2000 years later shows that “in the year 3100 BC, before the world established the first nation-state, it was a common identity throughout Egypt”.
Although the antimicrobial formula of ancient Egyptians is important in the mummification process, there are other steps to be taken:
- Brain retrieval (probably performed by flushing the brain with a flap)
- Removal of internal organs
- Tilting body on natural salt
- The bacterium is killed and the body is sealed by depositing the body anti-bacterial balsam.
- The body is finally wrapped in cloth.
“Processes with key presets for protection are drying and balm,” Dr. Buckley emphasizes the importance of mummification in ancient Egyptian culture:
“After death, life was seen as another phase of life enjoyment. But they needed the body to be protected so that the soul could be rested. “