In the past days, the National Museum of Brazil, one of the largest natural history collections in the world, returned to ruin with a great fire.
There were 20 million works of art and fossils from different periods of the history of the country and world in this 200-year-old collection of museums once used by the royal family as palaces. The museum was able to exhibit only 1% of the works due to millions of collections of works and fossils.
The Brazilian press reports that the works are “invaluable” and that the fire is “a catastrophe in terms of both country and continental history and culture”.
Among his works, there were many historical objects ranging from dinosaurs and mummy remnants in Egypt to vehicles belonging to America before Christopher Columbus.
Brazilian President Michel Temer said, “It is impossible to measure the damage created for Brazil by the disappearance of the National Museum collection, 200 years of work, research and knowledge have disappeared.”
According to the Brazilian press, the budget for the restoration of the building since 2014 has been reduced to $ 128,000 a year, one of the biggest reasons for the deterioration of the building situation.
The BBC Spanish Service has analyzed the most important works in the museum that are likely to be destroyed.
1 – The skeleton of Luzia
Scientists were 11,400 years old, the remains of a woman who found a cave called Lapa Vermalha in the state of Minas Gerais.
Having the title of the oldest human remains found on the continent, Luzia’s skull structure was different from the skulls of later millennia. This led scientists to question theories about people who first settled in America.
Luzia, who was estimated to be 20-25 years old when she died, was among the most interesting works of the museum.
2- Bendego meteoru
Bendego meteorite, one of the few artifacts likely to disappear in the fire, was found in the state of Bahia in 1784.
This metallic meteor weighing 5.26 tons, two meters long, was the second largest known to date in the years.
According to the Folha de Sao Paulo newspaper, Bendego will not be easy to find in the ruins even if he has not melted in the fire.
3- The largest Egyptian collection in Latin America
This collection, larger than 700 pieces, was the oldest and largest Egyptian collection in the continent.
The collection was based on the merchant Nicolau Fiengo in 1826 with the purchase of ancient Egyptian works belonging to the famous Italian traveler and archaeologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni in Marseille, France.
4- One of the largest fossil collections in the continent
According to information on the catalog, 56,000 species of fossils were found in their collections in Latin America.
5- The greatest ancient Greek and Roman collection of the ship
There were 750 artifacts from the ancient Greek, Roman and Etruscan periods in the museum. The works constituted the largest classical period collection of the continent, both in terms of qualities and quantities.