The Vikings are merchants, explorers and warriors all over the world, a sailor who has been active from the end of the 8th century until the beginning of the 11th century. They had discovered the American continent long before Columbus and advanced eastward until Russia’s wages.
Most of the time, the culture and beliefs of the Vikings were quite diverse, though they were seen as brutal people who were plundering and plundering more civilized nations for sake and treasure. These people, who were famous for their warfare, allowed for change in many areas from economy to military in their lands.
The Viking Age
Many historians associate the name “Viking” with the Nordic term “vikingr”, which means “pirate”. However, this term, which in reality refers to overseas discoveries, was used as a verb for men who went to Scandinavian summers ları Viking Ancak. While many believed that these discoveries included plundering monasteries and cities along the coast, many of the discoveries were actually for the purpose of trading and collecting mercenaries.
According to the writers Angelo Forte, Richard D. Oram and Frederik Pedersen, the writers of the “Viking Empires”, the Viking Age is usually a few years after the earliest attack, from the MS 800 to the Norman in 1066, a few years ago, expresses the stretching period. During this period, the Scandinavians reached every corner of northern Europe, and many other ulassa coasts were plundered by the Vikings. At that time, it was known that the Vikings were in Baghdad for trade of goods such as fur, animal fur and seal oil.
The Viking attack on Lindisfarne monks, a small island near the northeastern coast of England, was the beginning of the Vikings’ departure from Scandinavia in 793. Adada has a monastery with knowledgeable monks and a comprehensive library, all of which have been named as sculptures and have been attributed to the science lore. During the attack, the monks were killed, thrown into the sea or taken captive along with many valuable treasures of the church, and the library was torn down. This incident was based on the Viking perception in people’s minds throughout the Viking Age: the savage warriors who are neither sympathetic nor respectable.
In the following years, coastal villages, monasteries and even cities found themselves encircled by these wild occupants living in a sea of waters. Due to the incidence of sea attacks, many developments were made in fortifications, which were transformed into harbor surrounded by walls. Such advocates were quite influential in blocking incoming attacks.
Although often caused by factors such as Christian torture and forced baptism of pagans for declining agricultural production in the Scandinavian region, the main reason for the attacks is a discussion among academics. There are many other reasons why these people are leaving their heavy and cold homeland and looking for a place to live elsewhere. But no matter how relentless their homelands were, most of the Vikings returned to their homeland at the end of the season with treasures, captives and enough goods to spend another winter.
There is no doubt that the Viking ship lies in the heart of the Viking cult. These extraordinary vehicles – especially those of the Viking sailboat-sea – had shaped the life of the Norse and changed the course of European history.
Shipbuilding skills that have reached excellence over the course of 10 centuries have allowed the development of a large number of vehicles, from small fishing boats and big-bellied cargo ships to sailboats as fast as they can be. Most of the ships, regardless of size, are designed to be narrow and water draws (the vertical distance between the bottom of the ship and the waterline), which make the vessels particularly compatible with the ocean and rivers.
The master of the Vikings’ shipbuilding reached the summit in the 7th century when they invented the carousel, a structural element extending from the main to the aft under the main body of the ship. This increased the speed and balance, while preventing undesired lateral movements. Karina, with the addition of ship stern and sail, allowed Norse to make long journeys along the North Atlantic. Today, these vehicles are seen as a breakthrough in technology that breaks ground with their designs.
In order to begin the process of shipbuilding, the Vikings were breaking up the woods of newly cut trees into small pieces. About 20 large oak trees could be cut for a ship. The wood was shaped and carefully arranged for the timber to fit perfectly with each other in an overlap construction. In the construction of superimposed ship, first start externally and then place the ribs. The vessel was covered with a waterproof mixture of animal hair, wool or moss soaked in tar and balanced with iron rivets. The result was an incredibly fast and flexible Viking sailboat that nothing could easily catch.
The Vikings were thus far beyond the oceans, with vessels pulled by ambitious shovels supported by wide sails, possibly made of cotton. The Viking sailboats were often driven by a tail on the stern side of the ship.
By the middle of the 9th century, Nors came together to build vessels to increase wealth by plundering the peasants and societies. The Vikings brutally attacked Nantes on the western coast of France in 842 and were able to move up to Paris, Limoges, Orleans, Tours, and Nimes, thanks to their ability to move easily through the rivers.
The Vikings valued art as much as they did to maritime. The bow of the Viking sails was adorned with carved dragon heads believed to expel evil spirits. The red square sail with the dragon motif on it was known as the signature of the Vikings. For three centuries, this sail had given fear to the hearts of Europeans.
New Archaeological Discoveries
During the 10th century the Vikings established colonies on the west coast of Greenland. The Viking sagas describe their journey from the Greenland colonies to the New World. In these sagas olan Helluland land (thought to be Baffin Island), bazı Markland u (thought to be Labrador) and u Vinland “(some of the archaeologists thought to be Newfoundland) are mentioned.
The only confirmed Viking settlement in the New World today is L’anse aux Meadows, located at the northern end of Newfoundland. This area was excavated in the 1960s. In addition, there are three possible Viking settlements discovered by archaeologists in Canada recently. Two of these three possible settlements are located in Newfoundland and the other is on Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic Islands.
One of the possible Viking settlements in Newfoundland is located at Point Rosee in the south of Newfoundland; archaeologists stumbled across a crusted barn standing beside a turbid building on this settlement. In the other settlement in Newfoundland, a number of trap pits were discovered that could have been used to hunt large animals such as reindeer. These trapping pits were dug up on a straight line, and archaeologists believe that the Vikings led the pits to fall into the pits and kill them. The third possible Viking settlement is located on the Nanook in Baffin Island, where researchers came across the objects that could have been used in metal production in this settlement, and the remains of a possible structure built by the Vikings.
Many of the modern perceptions of the Vikings are rooted in Catholic propaganda. On the looting of Christian settlements and the loss of innumerable religions and treasures, the Catholic administration found the monstrosity of the Vikings. Until the Queen Victoria’s throne in Britain, the Vikings were depicted in the minds as wild and barbarian. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, perception changed so much that the Vikings were made attractive as noble warriors with horned helmets, with their glorious cultures and their valor of fear in the Cenk square.
Below is a list of common Viking myths that have proven to be clearly wrong by historical records, resulting in the misunderstandings mentioned above:
1. The Vikings were wearing a horned helmet
Vikings traditionally do not use hoods or wear helmets made of leather and metal, with simple, sometimes face-protecting parts. The idea of a horned helmet is based on the Viking awakening of Victoria.
2. His hair and beards were messy, dingy
Archaeologists regularly find combs, spoons and other personal care equipment that indicate they are fond of the Vikings’ personal cleanliness.
3. They spent all their time with plunder and war
Although lashing provided an important source of income for the Vikings, many of them had farms where their spouses had their wives during the Viking season. When men returned from looting places, they were taking back the farm work they had left for a while.
4. Vikings lived together all the time
Due to the unfavorable geographical location, the Scandinavians were quite widespread to protect limited arable land. In addition to the harshness of climate and land conditions, the spread of Christianity has led to a serious division of these people, who still worship the traditional Scandinavian pantheon.
5. Big half and easy
Due to the short summer season, it was difficult to grow crops and resources were always limited. As a result of limited food sources, many of the Scandinavians are much smaller than they thought.
The harsh living conditions in the Scandinavian region made people harsh; many Viking suffered from scarcity of resources, and had built their home on a long distance without a unified leadership. Throughout the Viking Age, the Scandinavians exerted a stronger pressure on the outside world and gave them a reputation that went beyond barbarism. While some Vikings have been attracted to your riches, many have opted for more peaceful economic relations with the surrounding nations.
In fact, the Viking Age did not have an impressive end. The Scandinavian kingdoms were culturally acculturated and gradually incorporated into the “wider political establishment of European Christianity”.